Wind energy is one of the key elements of Poland’s and Europe’s energy transition. Wind farms, both onshore and offshore, are a source of cheap and clean energy that contributes to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing energy security. However, the operation and maintenance (O&M) of wind farms requires specialised knowledge and experience, as well as continuous adaptation to changing market and technological conditions.
The O&M of wind farms encompasses many aspects, such as monitoring, maintenance, repair, optimisation, insurance, risk management, data analysis, reporting, as well as collaboration with other actors such as grid operators, service providers, regulators, landowners or local communities. All these tasks require the right tools, systems and procedures to ensure efficiency, reliability and compliance with applicable regulations.
Innovations that facilitate the operation of wind farms include:
- The development of remote monitoring and control systems that allow wind turbine performance to be tracked, faults to be detected and diagnosed, and generators to be started and stopped remotely.
- The use of artificial intelligence and machine learning to analyse data and forecast production, demand, prices and weather conditions to optimise wind farm operations and increase profitability.
- The use of drones and robots to inspect and maintain wind turbines, reducing the cost, time and risk associated with altitude work.
- Integrating and processing data in an accessible and readable way and monitoring and controlling the processes involved in generating, storing and using energy from a RES source. Services in this area can be successfully implemented by EMACS, a proprietary SCADA system
- The introduction of new technologies and materials, such as lighter and stronger blades, smart coatings, cooling and lubrication systems, which improve the efficiency and durability of wind turbines.
Wind farm management is therefore a dynamic and complex process that requires not only knowledge and experience, but also innovation and flexibility. Only in this way can the full potential of wind energy be realised and contribute to the sustainable development of Poland and Europe.